Wool fabrics are woven cloths made using long staple wool yarn or short staple wool yarns. Wool is basically that fiber that grows on bodies of animals like camel, goat, sheep and even rabbit. Wool is the full fleece of the hairs and sheep fleece tends to be the most popular when it comes to fabrics. Still on sheep wool, merino wool fabrics are most popular in the textile industry. Each type of fleece differs in properties and qualities but you really can never go wrong with woolen fabrics.
It is also important to note that the wool can either be worsted fabric or woolen fabric; the difference between the two is basically the texture. Worsted wool fabrics are smooth, fine and soft compared to woolen fabrics that are a bit thick, fuzzy and coarse. But whatever type you end choosing, you will just love the numerous advantages of wool that has made it as popular as it is. These include;
1. Wool is resistant to wrinkles. This is thanks to the natural crimp which makes it behave like a spring allowing it to return to natural shape after stretching. The coiled structure is complex enough to give it resilience against getting hard and flat.
2. Wool offers impressive insulation. It has thermal insulation properties that are balanced so it keeps you warm in winter and cool during hot summer months. It has ability to trap air and also has moisture wicking properties making a fabric you can enjoy at any given time of the year.
3. Wool takes in dye very well. There is actually no need to chemicals to be used during the dyeing process and this quality makes it possible for fabric manufacturers to achieve rich beautiful colors. Some of the natural wools come with natural colors that require no dyeing at all.
4. Wool is flame retardant. It is naturally very hard to ignite because of the low heat release and flame spread properties. The fabric also isn’t easy to melt and has natural self-extinguishing properties. This makes it very durable.
5. Wool is sustainable and eco-friendly. With everything going green, wool makes a very good fabric because it is biodegradable and sustainable. Every time an animal is sheared the wool replenishes itself and continues growing throughout the animal’s life.
6. Wool is easy to clean. This is because the outer surface of the fibers are a series of overlapping scales thus dirt ends up sitting on the surface rather than settling deep. Removing this kind of dirt is very easy compared to other fabrics that allow dirt to settle deep into the fibers.
7. Wool is hypoallergenic. If you have allergies then you will find wool a very good choice of fabric because of its hypoallergenic qualities. It resists mold, mildew and bacteria which trigger most reactions. It also does not attract dust mites because of its microscopic pores which respond well to humidity changes hence creating an environment unfavorable for breeding and growth of the dust mites.